Madison County Soil Conservation District 

Serving to Conserve Madison County's Soil & Related Natural Resources Since 1941

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The soils of Madison County were mapped by USDA from 1966 -1973. The soil delineations were drawn over 1974 aerial photography and published as the 1978 Soil Survey of Madison County. Since then all soil surveys across the country have been digitized and can be accessed on the web through the Web Soil Survey. Below is a link that takes you directly to the Madison County Map of the Web Soil Survey. The link is followed by instructions on how you can use the site to make a soil map of your property.    

Madison County Soil Map via Web Soil Survey         
This link
takes you directly to the Madison County map of the Web-Soil-Survey. You can zoom to an aerial photograph of your property "area of interest, i.e., AOI" through which a soil map can be generated and layered over the aerial photography. Once an AOI is generated various soil reports can be generated for your property. You can click on the Legend Tab to view a USGS topographic map.

To Make a Soil Map of Your Property Using Web Soil Survey:

1. Click on the above link "Current Soil Map of Madison County"

2. Zoom to your property "AOI"

     a. Use your mouse to move the cursor to the general area of your property.

     b. When the cursor is outside the north and west boundaries of your property left click your mouse and drag your mouse to move the cursor to outside the south and east boundaries of your property, then release the left click. To zoom in closer repeat steps until you are zoomed in to your desired distance.

3. Draw your property boundary "AOI"

     a. left click the AOI button "the one with the irregular shape" this will activate the tool.

     b. move the cursor to a point along your property line and left click your mouse to start drawing the area.

     c. keep moving the cursor along your property line left clicking at each directional change of your property line.

     d. when you get to the point when the last straight line will take you back to where you made the first click, double click the last point to finish drawing  your property lines. The area of your property "AOI" will become highlighted.

4. Make soil map of Your property "AOI"

     a. After you have drawn the outline of your property "AOL" and your property is highlighted, click the Soil Map tab. A soil map of your property will overlay the aerial photography. A table will be generated showing the acres of each soil on your farm and the total acres of you property.

5. Make soil reports of your property "AOI"

     a. Click on the Soil Data Explorer tab. Several general report options will appear each with several specific report options. Follow instructions to generate soil reports for your farm.

The soils of Madison County were first mapped in the early 1900s and were issued as the 1907 Soil Survey of Madison County. The mapping was very general and consisted of only four map units.

Soil is the foundation for man's civilization. It provides us with vast quantities of natural resources that we mine, process, and transform into useful materials. The top few inches is known as top soil. If it is healthy it is teaming with life and is the growing medium for many of earth's plants. Most all the food we eat including meat are derived from these plants. Our lumber comes from plants as well as our cotton clothes.  This first few inches of the earth's crust is essential to life. It is these first few inches, the top soil, that we as a soil conservation district are concerned with conserving. It can take nature over one thousand years to develop one inch of top soil. If we don't use our soil wisely we can wash away one inch of top soil in less than one year. Thousands of acres of top soil are developed and paved over each year to provide us with roads, houses, factories, schools, hospitals, shopping malls, commerce centers, and on and on. There are over 7 billion people populating the earth. By 2025 it is estimated that there will be another billion people for the earth to provide food, shelter, transportation, manufacturing, and commerce. As the earth's population increases it becomes ever more vital that we use our top soil wisely.

Soil Beneath the Surface

Click on each of the small pictures to see a larger image.


Madison County consists of some 358,000 acres; 559 sq. miles. The soils of the County formed mostly in deposits of wind blown materials over costal plains material and are mainly silt loams or silty clay loams. The land is gently rolling to hilly. The elevation difference from the highest point in the county, 650 above sea level, to the lowest point in the county 310 feet above sea level, is only 340 feet. Most soils on uplands erode easily, and control of runoff and erosion is imperative. The soils are low in organic-matter, phosphorus, and potassium and are strongly acid to very strongly acid.  However, where drainage is adequate and slopes are gentle, the soils respond well to additions of lime and fertilizer and produce good yields.  In 2009 the average per acre yields were 148 bushels of corn, 899 lbs. of cotton, 42.5 bushels of soybeans, and 56.5 bushels of wheat.

The soils for any property in the U. S. can be accessed on the internet through the USDA - NRCS Web Soil Survey. When you visit the site, click the large green button and a map of the U. S. will appear. You can zoom to smaller and smaller areas until you are where your property is located, or you can use the search aids to the left of the map to zoom to your property. Once you get to the general location of your property follow the above steps to develop a soil map.

Selected Soils Reports for Madison County:

Map Unit Legend

Acres of Soil Map Unit in Madison County

Brief Soil Description

Expanded Soil Description

Prime Farm Land

Hydric Soils

Forestry Productivity

Physical Soil Properties

Engineering Soil Properties

Soil Features

Water Features


Sewage Disposal


Crop Yields

Forage Yields.









Copyright 2019 - Madison County SCD All Rights Reserved  -  This site was last updated: March 27, 2019  -   Contact the Webmaster   -   Policy Statements


    Madison County Soil Conservation District    -    313 North Parkway    -   Jackson, Tennessee 38305   -  (731) 668-1544 ext. 3   -   FAX: 1-855-584-5847